What aspects of Dickens’ A Christmas Carol fall into the literary genre of “horror“? Use a quote from the book (giving the page number where you found that quote) to help you demonstrate the novel’s horror elements.
What aspects of A Christmas Carol are gothic? Define the term “gothic” and then describe how “horror” and “gothic” are different concepts. How have the gothic and horror images from Dickens’ A Christmas Carol affected modern society? What elements of this book’s imagery remain with us today? In what modern fiction do we see similar themes?
What’s unexpected about the Ghost of Christmas Present? Describe this ghost’s physical appearance and compare/contrast it with the physical appearances of both Jacob Marley and the Ghost of Christmas Past. Now predict what you think the third and final ghost will look like. What will he/she be called? In your response, use quotes from the book A Christmas Carol that foreshadow the coming of the third apparition. Give the page number on which you found this/these quotes.
What does the Ghost of Christmas Past show the reading audience that helps us understand the origin of Scrooge’s negative attitude toward Christmas? What regrets does Scrooge seem to have about his past? Is Scrooge a static or dynamic character at this point in the tale? Prove he’s either static or dynamic by using quotes from the book A Christmas Carol in your answer.
Define the term “deuteragonist“. Based on your own definition, do you think Jacob Marley is the deuteragonist in A Christmas Carol, or is he simply a minor character. Explain your reasoning.
Secondarily, what is Jacob Marley’s main conflict? Do you believe he will resolve his conflict before the book ends? Why or why not? Is Scrooge’s conflict the same as Marley’s? Is it different? How is Marley’s conflict the same or different from Scrooge’s conflict?
Who are the main characters in Dickens’ A Christmas Carol? What’s the protagonist‘s name? Why do you think he is the protagonist? What makes him an unusual character? (Describe his personality.) How can you be sure he’s not the antagonist? In what ways is he antagonistic?